Lao PDR to Adopt Green Growth, with World Bank Support

Lao PDR is adopting key policy reforms to make its strong economic growth benefit more people, especially the poor and disadvantaged, while protecting the environment, supported by a new US$38.6 million credit which was approved today by the World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors.

The country’s First Programmatic Green Growth Development Policy Operation aims to establish the foundations for ‘green growth’ planning and strengthen environmental protection and resilience to climate change in Lao PDR.

“Green growth is cleaner, more resource-efficient, and more resilient to risks such as climate change,” said Dr. Kikeo Chanthabouly, Vice Minister of Planning and Investment for Lao PDR. “This development policy operation is closely linked with the strategic priorities of the Government of Lao PDR’s 8th National Socio-Economic Development Plan, and can help to sustain strong economic growth while also protecting the environment and human health.”

The program has three priorities: reducing risks to prudent economic management; integrating principles of ‘green growth’, environmental protection, and resilience into development planning; and promoting sector-specific transformative initiatives, such as for managing water resources, forest use, and pollution. To address risks to the economy, the operation will aim to strengthen fiscal sustainability and financial sector stability. Some of the program’s goals include establishing a system of national parks, stopping the use of harmful chemicals and pesticides, and strengthening control of illegal logging. 

The World Bank is pleased to partner with Lao PDR as it shifts to green growth,” said Ulrich Zachau, World Bank Country Director for Southeast Asia, “Green growth can generate new opportunities for the Lao people, by creating jobs in new industries that depend on environmental quality, such as eco-tourism or production of green agricultural products. Green development will also help reduce exposure to air and water pollution, benefiting the health of adults and children alike.”  

Climate change is an increasing concern in Lao PDR, where forest cover has declined from 70% in 1940 to around 40% of the territory in 2010. Growing pressures on the environment take a toll on the economy, with losses from natural disasters – expected to be exacerbated by climate change – are estimated at approximately 3 to 4% of GDP. 

The ‘green growth’ initiative is part of the World Bank’s new Country Partnership Framework for Lao PDR.  The new framework for 2017 to 2021 outlines the approach of the continued partnership, which includes as a key priority the protection of the environment, through more sustainable management of natural resources and enhanced resilience to disaster risks and climate change.

Fight Against Tuberculosis in PNG Bolstered by US$ 15 Million

World Bank announces new support to counter alarming growth of TB infections

WASHINGTON D.C., May 31, 2017 – The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors approved today a credit of US$15 million (PGK48 million) to support on-going efforts in Papua New Guinea (PNG) to combat the country’s growing tuberculosis epidemic.

The Emergency Tuberculosis Project will bolster early detection programs already underway, strengthen the treatment of patients suffering from drug resistant tuberculosis, and shore up the capacity of health-care agencies to identify potential cases in key hotspots and deliver effective treatment, in order to improve case management for both medical staff and patients.

The Government of PNG recognizes the seriousness of the TB situation in the country, and we have been working with development partners to plan a scaled-up response,” said Michael Malabag, PNG Minister for Health. “This World Bank project will be crucial for our efforts to combat this epidemic, utilizing a coordinated approach to help control the spread of TB.”

Reporting an estimated 31,000 new cases of tuberculosis each year – resulting in more than 3,000 deaths, according to the World Health Organization – PNG’s health-care system has struggled to cope with the epidemic. Drug-resistant TB is a particular concern for PNG and the region, with hotspots including the National Capital District (including Port Moresby), Gulf Province and Western Province.

“TB is a silent killer, hitting the poorest Papua New Guineans the hardest,” said Patricia Veevers-Carter, the World Bank’s Country Manager for Papua New Guinea. “By boosting early detection programs, this project will save lives and provide much-needed support to health workers across PNG who are fighting this epidemic every day.”

“Infectious diseases such as TB often hit the poorest communities the hardest, resulting in families spending much of their incomes on health care,” added Xiaohui Hou, World Bank Senior Health Economist. “Too many lives have already been lost to TB in PNG, and this investment is important to the efforts of the government and development partners in jointly addressing a crisis in our region.”

The Australian Government will match the World Bank’s investment with a grant of US$15 million (PGK48 million) to support the fight against TB in PNG.

The World Bank Group has significantly scaled up its work in PNG in recent years and is committed to continuing this support for the long term. The Emergency Tuberculosis Project will directly contribute to the PNG Government’s anti-TB efforts, as articulated in the PNG National TB Strategic Plan (2015-2020), and further support the World Bank’s key priorities in PNG, as outlined in the Country Partnership Framework (2013-18).  

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Vanuatu – Rural Electrification Project Stage II

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Lao PDR – First Programmatic Green Growth Development Policy Operation

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Papua New Guinea – Emergency Tuberculosis Project

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45,000 People to Have Access to Renewable energy in Vanuatu under New World Bank Project

Almost 9,000 homes and 37 public facilities to be connected to reliable green power

WASHINGTON, May 31, 2017 – The World Bank’s Board of Executive Directors today approved US$4 million to support a project aimed to provide electricity access to 45,000 people across Vanuatu for the first time.

The Vanuatu Rural Electrification Project II (VREP II), which will be co-funded by the Scaling Up Renewable Energy Program and the New Zealand government, aims to provide nearly 9,000 homes and 37 public buildings – including community halls – with access to renewable energy.

This project is the second phase of the Vanuatu Rural Electrification Project. It will partially subsidize the cost of solar home systems and micro-grid systems for 8,400 households in dispersed areas of the Pacific island nation, while contributing to the construction of five mini grid systems in larger communities, benefitting an additional 550 households. All systems will have the capability to reliably meet the energy needs of most households and businesses, including powering refrigerators, lights and office equipment.

“The government of Vanuatu is working hard with the support of the World Bank to deliver affordable, reliable and renewable energy to 100 percent of the population by 2030,” said Hon. Ham Lini Vanuarora, Vanuatu Minister for Climate Change Adaptation, Meteorology, Geo-Hazards, Environment, Energy and Disaster Management. “Energy is crucial to our nation’s continued development – boosting economic opportunities, allowing access to essential communications and information technology, and improving health services and education delivery, including in rural areas.”

Currently, only 20 percent of Vanuatu’s rural residents have access to electricity, which has been identified by the government as a key social and economic priority. Providing affordable electricity supports the government’s goals toward a more diversified economy and more equitable social and economic development throughout the nation.

“I am encouraged by the leadership that countries like Vanuatu are demonstrating and very proud that the CIF is a key partner in supporting them to achieve the vision and goals that they have set for themselves,” said Mafalda Duarte, Head of the $8.3 billion Climate Investment Funds. “This project contributes to the transformation of rural electrification in Vanuatu by catalyzing demand, including in remote areas, and promoting the service industry for renewable energy products.”

Making it cheaper and easier for people and communities to have electricity opens up opportunities and choices for Ni-Vanuatu living in rural areas,” said New Zealand’s High Commissioner to Vanuatu Georgina Roberts. “This project will help people connect to each other, services and information, so they can sustain their families and contribute to their communities, as well as the national development.”

The project marks a decade of World Bank support to the Vanuatu government in the energy sector, beginning with regulatory reform in 2007. The World Bank also provided support to the government as it developed the Vanuatu National Energy Road Map, the key document outlining the path for Vanuatu to achieve its goal of universal energy access by 2030.

The approval of VREP II will raise to US$40 million the total investment under World Bank-supported projects in Vanuatu’s energy sector. This new project will complement three other World Bank-supported projects already underway, which are focused on subsidizing connections for low-income households in urban areas, providing small household solar systems in rural areas, and improving overall energy sector regulation and institutional arrangements.

“Access to electricity is a crucial part of building safer homes and communities, and creating new economic opportunities,” said Michel Kerf, Country Director for the World Bank in Timor-Leste, Papua New Guinea and the Pacific Islands. “This project will deliver real benefits for people living in rural Vanuatu, and we are proud to be supporting the government of Vanuatu to help achieve 100 percent renewable access by 2030.”

VREP II will be financed through a US$2 million credit and US$2 million grant from the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s fund for the most in-need countries; a grant of US$6.77 million from the Climate Investment Funds’ Scaling Up Renewable Energy Program; and US$3.4 million from the New Zealand government through the Pacific Regional Infrastructure Facility.

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Malaysia Development Experience Series

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December 2016: The Quest for Productivity Growth

Highlights | Presentation |  Download report (pdf) 

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic development and outlook (p. 8)
Selected issue notes (p. 28)
   – The Quest for Productivity Growth

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June 2016: Leveraging Trade Agreements

Highlights | Presentation |  Download report (pdf) 

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic development and outlook (p. 6)
Selected issue notes (p. 27)
   – Leveraging Trade Agreements

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December 2015: Immigrant Labor

Highlights | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic development and outlook (p. 6)
Selected issue notes (p. 28)
   – Immigrant Labor

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June 2015: Transforming Urban Transport

Highlights | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic development and outlook (p. 5)
Selected issue notes (p. 23)
   – Value-added taxes: boon or  bane?
   – Realizing the economic potential of women
Transforming urban transport (p. 34)

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December 2014: Towards a Middle-Class Society

Highlights | Download report (pdf) | 
Executive Summary (Bahasa Malaysia-pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic development and outlook (p.5)
Selected issue notes (p. 20)
   – Implications of lower oil prices for Malaysia’s economy
   – Flows and ebbs: capital flows to Malaysia and their macro-financial
     implications
   – Informing and prioritizing Malaysia’s skills investment
Towards a middle-class society (p. 41)

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June 2014: Boosting Trade Competitiveness

Highlights | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic development and outlook (p.5)
Selected issue notes (p. 22)
   – Matching talent to jobs
Boosting trade competitiveness (p. 32)

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December 2013: High-performing Education

Highlights | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic development and outlook (p.5)
Selected issue notes (p. 25)
   – Malaysia’s narrowing current account and export competitiveness
   – Assessing Malaysia’s recent investment boom
   – Progress update on structural reforms
High-performing education (p. 45)

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June 2013: Harnessing Natural Resources

Highlights | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic development and outlook (p.5)
Selected issue notes (p. 27)
   – Shared prosperity in Malaysia
Harnessing natural resources (p. 30)

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November 2012: Unlocking Women’s Potential

Highlights | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic developments (p.5)
Economic outlook (p. 18)
Unlocking women’s potential (p.41)

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April 2012: Modern Jobs

Press release | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic developments (p.17)
Economic outlook (p. 56)
Modern jobs (p. 83)

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November 2011: Smart Cities

Press release | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic developments (p.6)
Economic outlook (p. 32)
Smart cities (p. 48)

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April 2011: Brain Drain

Press release | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic developments (p.17)
Economic outlook (p. 56)
Brain drain (p. 83)

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November 2010: Inclusive Growth

Press release | Download report (.pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic developments (p.17)
Economic outlook (p. 43)
Promoting inclusive growth (p. 63)

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April 2010: Growth through Innovation

Press release | Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic developments (p.17)
Economic outlook (p. 52)
Growth through innovation (p. 70)

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November 2009: Repositioning for Growth

Download report (pdf)

Sections in this edition:

Recent economic developments (p.12)
Economic outlook (p. 36)
Repositioning for growth (p. 52)

МОНГОЛ УЛСЫН МАЛ ЭМНЭЛГИЙН ҮЙЛЧИЛГЭЭНИЙ ЧАНАР ХҮРТЭЭМЖ НЭГ АЛХАМААР УРАГШИЛЛАА

Баянцагаан сум нь Баянхонгор аймгийн төвөөс 230 км алслагдсан. Д. Эрдэнэсувд 2007 оноос хойш малын эмчээр ажиллаж байгаа бөгөөд Баянцагаан сумын 200 гаруй малчин өрхийн 200.000 малыг хариуцан ажиллаж байна. Хамгийн алслагдсан малчин өрх сумын төвөөс 120 гаруй км-ын зайд амьдардаг.

Хувийн мал эмнэлэг, үржлийн нэгжийн эмчийн хувьд тэрээр сумын мал сүргийг өвчнөөс урьдчилан сэргийлж, ямар нэг өвчин гарахад газар дээр нь очиж судлан, онош тогтоодог ба шаардлатагай бол аймгийн мал эмнэлэг рүү дээжийг нь хүргүүлэн, тайлан мэдээ бэлтгэдэг юм.

Түүний ажлын ачааллын талаар асуухад: “Хавар цагт хамгийн их ачаалалтай байдаг, энэ нь улирлын онцлог бас төл мал хорогдох эрсдэл өндөртэй холбоотой” гэж хэлээд “Орон нутгийн чанартай малын өвчнийг эс тооцвол манай сум малын өвчнөөр харьцангуй тайван,”  гэж нэмж хэллээ.

Мал эмнэлгийн үзлэг, лабораторийн шинжилгээ зэрэг мал эмнэлгийн ажил, үйлчилгээг Малын удмын сан, эрүүл мэндийг хамгаалах хуулийн хүрээнд явуулдаг. Ингэхдээ сумын тамгын газар, мал эмнэлэг үржлийн тасаг, малчид болон сумын мал эмнэлгийн хооронд жил бүр гэрээ байгуулан үйлчилгээ үзүүлдэг байна.

Бидний зүгээс үзүүлэх бүхий л ажил, үйлчилгээг гэрээнд тусгасан байдаг. Жишээлбэл, нэг малчин  малдаа ямар нэг нийтлэг биш зүйл ажиглагдах эсвэл мал нь олон тоогоор хорогдож байгаа тухай мэдээлэл өгөхөд би очиж үйлчилгээ үзүүлнэ. Тухайн малчны хотонд очих миний унааны зардлыг малчин хариуцдаг. Энэ зардал гэдэг нь голдуу бензин л байдаг. Өмнө машинааор очдог байхад зардал их өндөр тусдаг байлаа. Харин энэ мотоциклоор очиход зардал буурч байгаа юм. Одоо мотоциклоо унаж сурна даа,” гэв.

Нэг малд 200 төгрөгөөр тооцож паразитийн эсрэг үйлчилгээ малчдад үзүүлдэг бөгөөд 130 төгрөгөөр авах эмийг малчин төлж, цаана үлдсэн 50-70 төгрөг нь үйлчилгээний хөлс болдог.

Төрөөс хэрэгжүүлж буй зарим бодлогын үр дүнд малчдын дунд малынхаа эрүүл мэндэд анхаарах ёстой гэсэн ойлголт, хандлага нэмэгдэж байна. Ингэснээр малчид өөрсдийн хөрөнгө болсон малын эрүүл мэндийн үйлчилгээний зардлаас хуваалцах хүсэл эрмэлзэл нэмэгдэж байна. Жишээлбэл, ноос эсвэл ширний урамшуулал авах бол малаа эрүүл байлгах ёстой гэж заасан байдаг. Мөн төслийн хүрээнд хэрэгжүүлсэн төрөл бүрийн сургалт, олон нийтэд чиглэсэн үйл ажиллагаа, малаа эрүүл байлгах талаарх мэдээллийг малчдад хүргэхэд дэмжлэг болов.

Түүнчлэн, малчдын зээлийн хүүг сарын 18-аас 10 хувь болгон бууруулсан. Ийм хүүтэй зээл авахын тулд малчин малаа эрүүл байлгаж, зохих хугацаанд нь вакцинжуулсан байх ёстой гэж заасан байдаг.

Хүнс, хөдөө аж ахуй, хөнгөн үйлдвэрийн яамны Төрийн нарийн бичгийн дарга Л. Баяртулга: “Малчдыг зах зээлтэй холбож, мал аж ахуйд суурилсан үйлдвэрлэлийн бүтээмжийг нэмэгдүүлэх замаар хөдөөгийн хүн амын  амьжиргааг сайжруулах, хүнсний аюулгүй байдлыг хангах нь Засгийн газрын тэргүүн зорилтуудын нэг билээ. Хөдөө аж ахуйн маркетинг төсөл нь Засгийн газрын 2016-2020 оны Үйл ажиллагааны хөтөлбөр ялангуяа Хөдөө аж ахуйн салбарт баримтлах төрийн бодлогод тусгагдсан зорилтуудыг биелүүлэхэд чухал үүрэгтэй юм,” гэв.

Малын эрүүл мэндийн талаарх малчдын мэдлэгийг дээшлүүлж, шаардлагатай тоног төхөөрөмжөөр ханган, үйлчилгээг малчдад улам ойртуулах нь Монголын мал аж ахуйн салбарт эерэг өөрчлөлтүүдийг авчирч байна. Эдгээр өөрчлөлт нь нүүдлийн мал аж ахуйг хадгалах гэсэн хүсэл болоод олон улсын өрсөлдөөнт зах зээлд гарч эдийн засгаа төрөлжүүлэх гэсэн зорилтыг хэрэгжүүлэхэд хувь нэмэр оруулах нь гарцаагүй юм. 

Better Animal Health Care Brings Welcome Changes to Herder Households in Mongolia

A private sector veterinarian who works in Bayantsgaan, a soum located 230 km south of provincial center of Bayankhongor, Mrs. D. Erdenesuvd has been taking care of animals since 2007. She oversees over 200,000 livestock that belong to about 200 herder households. Her farthest client lives 120 km away from her duty station. There are more than 1,500 private sector veterinarians like her who work Mongolia’s 331 soums.

She does preventive care on livestock, on-site diagnosis for outbreaks of both infectious and noninfectious diseases, sends samples to the provincial laboratory for testing, and prepares case reports.  

When asked about her workload, she said, “Spring is peak season for us as the weather turns harsh and livestock offspring are more prone to sickness.”  

Except for a few outbreaks of common diseases, livestock in the soums I look after are quite healthy and free of contagious diseases,” she added.

The current Law on Protecting Animal Genetics and Health regulates health inspections, including screening and laboratory tests. Annual contracts between the soum governor and VABU vet specialist, and the individual herders and soum animal clinic cover veterinarian services.

Everything I do is covered under the contract. For instance, if a herder calls me to report an unusual situation, the early symptoms of a disease, or a sudden increase in his livestock’s mortality rate, he pays for the cost of transport which covers fuel. I used to go by car so it cost more. With this new motorcycle, I expect that it will go down significantly. I will have to learn to drive it first though.”

Herders also pay for anti-parasite medicine which costs 130 Mongolian Tugrug (around $0.06) per head of livestock but the government pays for the service fee.

. Improving their awareness has made herders more willing to share in the health service costs for their private “moving” assets. For example, to receive wool or hide subsidies, herders need to keep their livestock healthy by keeping them disease-free. Public awareness activities supported by the project also helped in spreading the word about keeping herds healthy.

Interest rates for bank loans available to herders have decreased from 18% to 10%, but lower rates can be available only to those who keep their livestock healthy and have them vaccinated against diseases.

Mr. L. Bayartulga, State Secretary of the Ministry of Food, Agriculture, and Light Industry said, “Improving rural livelihoods and food security by linking herders to markets and raising livestock productivity and quality are high on the government’s agenda. Projects such as LAMP play an important role in contributing to the objectives set out in the 2016-2020 Government Action Plan, and Agricultural Sector Policy Action Plan, in particular.”

, changes that will help the country fulfill goals such as preserving nomadic culture as a national brand, and enter the competitive international market to diversify its economy.

Infographic: Promoting Animal Health in Mongolia

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